“And what’s romance? Usually, a nice little tale where you are everything as you like it, where rain never wets your jacket and gnats never bite your nose and it’s always daisy-time.”

– D. H. Lawrence

D. H. Lawrence reminds us that “romance” isn’t what we live with day to day. Marriages often end because fantasies did not become realities and attempts to maintain the marriage were not successful.

So, what is divorce? Is it a legal construct? Is it a financial puzzle to unravel? Is it a psychological event? It generally includes some or all of the above. It starts out as an emotional experience, perhaps involving feelings of anger, betrayal, fear, and anxiety.

Most often, when someone is faced with the ending of a marriage or relationship, their first thought might be to find a lawyer to help them through the process. Depending on the nature of the dissolution, this may sometimes be an appropriate path. It is also possible to start this process by working with a mental health professional (MHP) who has an expertise in divorce. This road could help keep the divorce process from becoming highly conflictual and entrenched in the court system. By focusing on the emotional content of the process first, it makes it possible to address the difficult challenges facing the family without escalating them.

Divorce is a reshaping of the family. At the same time that parents are having to manage their own feelings of loss and grief about the end of their primary relationship, they are also pressed to make difficult decisions about what their newly-constituted family will look like. The family does not cease to exist, but it is faced with moving from the familiar to the new, from the all-in-one-house version to the two-residence version. The family is being reshaped—it is not ending. Seeing the family as being in transition is a useful beginning point in the divorce process.

A family specialist works with the family as a whole system. Family specialists are mental health professionals who can help parents address their differences, develop goals, and make the decisions necessary for a transition from the pre-divorce to the post-divorce family. They sometimes do this by working with parents to create a mission statement that serves as the guiding mechanism in their divorce. They are trained in observing alignments that form and shift between family members, how emotions are experienced and expressed, and the family dynamics that emerge as everyone tries to find their way through the divorce experience.

Family specialists work with parents to explore the difficulties they may have in coming to agreements and helping with their communication breakdowns. They aid the parties in talking through co-parenting decisions and help them find mutually satisfactory arrangements. For example, a mother who insisted she get the family home in the divorce “knew” this was the “right” thing to happen, yet had difficulty expressing why. Through talking, it eventually became clear that when her parents divorced, her mother kept the family home with no questions asked. As a result, she assumed “mothers get the house.” Once she became aware of this belief, her conversations with the father changed dramatically.

Family specialists will also work with the children to ensure their needs and concerns are given a clear “voice” and do not get lost in the enormity of the transition. While children do not “make decisions,” their lives are greatly impacted by the paths taken by their parents, and they benefit from having clear and strong representation with the help of a neutral person. Children often have a difficult time telling parents what they are thinking and feeling if they believe it will hurt one of them.


  • Individual practitioner: An individual practitioner works with all members of the family and will make appropriate referrals to legal and financial services as needed.
  • Dual practitioners: A mental health professional and an attorney work with the family in tandem as neutral mediators, in order to help make the decisions required from both legal and emotional perspectives.
  • Collaborative Divorce: Mental health professionals, lawyers, and financial specialists work as a team to help parents resolve disputes respectfully, with the intent of finding a win/win situation for all rather than the winner-loser model offered through the judicial system.

New models continue to emerge. This is a short list that is not necessarily representative of all jurisdictions.

Remember, divorce is an emotional event with legal and financial ramifications, not a legal decision with emotional consequences.